Climate Data Archive

This data archive is slowly being migrated to the Center for Science in the Earth System (CSES). A good way to find a data set on this and the CSES pages is to google "jisao keyword," where keyword could be SST, or the name of a particular data set.

The data archive consists of

Gridded Data Sets

The gridded data sets are written in network common data form (netCDF) conforming to the Cooperative Ocean-Atmosphere Research Data Service (COARDS) standard. (Description of COARDS netCDF standard.) A superset of the COARDS standard, called the NetCDF climate and forecast (CF) metadata convention, includes the possibility to store time series for multiple stations, along with their names and coordinates.

If you need the data in ASCII format, let me know and, time permitting, I will see what I can do.

Precipitation

Name Temporal
Resolution
Spatial
Resolution
Range of Years Comments
Rain gauge:
DoE
NCDC GHCN
NASA GISS
University of East Anglia
GPCC
GPCP
University of Delaware
University of Washington
NCEP CPC

seasonal
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
daily
daily, monthly

4x5°

2.5°
2.5x3.75°
2.5, 1°
2.5°
0.5, 1.0°
"50" km
0.25, 1°

1851-1989
1900-present
1850-1996
1900-98
1986-98
1979-2010
1900-2008
1949-94
1948-98

anomalies
anomalies
anomalies
totals & climatology
totals & climatology
totals
totals & climatology
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Northwest/US
Satellite, gauge, model:
CMAP monthly
CMAP pentad

monthly
pentad

2.5°
2.5°

1979-Sep2004
1979-Mar2009

 
Satellite & gauge:
Legates/MSU
CAMS-OPI
GPCP monthly
GPCP pentad
GPCP daily
CMAP monthly
CMAP pentad

monthly
monthly
monthly
pentad
daily
monthly
pentad

2.5°
2.5°
2.5°
2.5, 1°

2.5°
2.5°

climatology
1979-Jan 2009
1979-Aug 2009
1979-Apr 2008
1996-Apr 2009
1979-Sep 2004
1979-Mar2009
 
Satellite:
MSU
GPI
SSM/I (NESDIS)
SSM/I (RSS)
OLR

monthly
monthly/pentad/daily
monthly
monthly
monthly

2.5°
2.5°
2.5°
0.25, 0.5°
2.5°

1979-July1997
1987-May1996
1987-Oct1996
1987-July2002
1974-Nov1998

oceans only

totals & climatology
 

Surface Temperature

Name Temporal
Resolution
Spatial
Resolution
Range of Years Comments
Land only:
University of East Anglia
University of Delaware
NCDC GHCN

monthly
monthly
monthly


0.5, 1°

1850-present
1900-2008
1880-present

sampling
totals
anomalies
Land and ocean:
UEA / UKMO
NOAA (ERSST & GHCN)
NASA GISS
Legates and Willmott
IABP / POLES
merged Arctic

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly



2.5°
0.5, 2.5°
other, 1°

1850-present
1880-present
1979-97

1979-present
1950-99


sampling

Arctic
 

sea surface temp (SST):
LDEO
extended reconstructed
NCEP EOF-filtered
NCEP optimal interpolation
Merged NCEP EOF / OI
Sadler climatology
COADS climatology


monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly,weekly
monthly
monthly
monthly







1, 2°

1856-1991
1854-present
1950-2000
Nov1981-present
1950-May99

 


anomalies

tropics
 

ICOADS SST & air temp. monthly 4x6° 1800-present anomalies

Sea-Level Pressure (SLP)

Name Temporal
Resolution
Spatial
Resolution
Range of Years Comments
NCAR (Trenberth and Paolino)
Reduced resolution COADS
Sadler (COADS) climatology
COADS climatology
LDEO
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

4x6°


1899-Apr2009
1800-Feb2006

Apr1854-1992

90-12.5N
anomalies
tropics only
global
selected NCEP/NCAR reanalysis fields pentads
monthly
2.5°
2.5°
1948-2002
1950-79 climatology
 

Surface or 10-m Vector Wind & Surface Vector Stress

Name Temporal
Resolution
Spatial
Resolution
Range of Years Comments
COADS Vector Sfc. Wind monthly climatology global, marine
Reduced resolution COADS vector sfc. wind anomalies monthly 4x6° 1800-Feb2006  
Sadler Vector Sfc. Wind monthly climatology tropical, marine
Sadler Vector Sfc. Stress monthly climatology tropical, marine
ERS-1 10-m Vector Wind monthly 1992-95  
SSM/I (RSS) 10-m wind speed monthly 0.25, 0.5° 1987 - July 2002  

Miscellaneous

Name Temporal
Resolution
Spatial
Resolution
Range of Years Comments
oceanic low-clouds seasonal 2.5° climatology  
COADS cloudiness monthly climatology global, marine
Reduced resolution COADS cloudiness anomalies monthly 4x6° 1800-Feb2006  
Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) monthly 2.5° 1974-Nov98  
Planetary albedo monthly climatology  
MSU stratosphere and troposphere temperatures monthly 2.5° 1979-April 2003 anomalies
Elevation data sets (land and sea)   various°   global
Tropical cyclone positions and number daily   historical global
NOAA percentage sea ice monthly,weekly November1981-Feb2005 version 2
selected NCEP / NCAR reanalysis fields pentads
monthly
2.5°
2.5°
1948-2002
1950-79 climatology
 
SSM/I (RSS) water vapor and cloud water monthly 0.25, 0.5° 1987 - July 2002  
Land vegetation (NDVI) monthly 1981-2001  
SeaWiFS marine chlorophyll and aerosol monthly, pentad 0.5,1,2.5° 1997-2002  
Variable Infiltration Capacity hydrological model monthly, daily, 3-hourly 1/8° 1950-July2000  

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Key Climate Time Series

Precipitation

Name Range of Years Comments
Global EOFs 1900-88  
Tropical Pacific and non-Pacific indices from gauge data 1892-1996, 1850-96  
South America
northeast Brazil
Piura Perļ rainfall and river runoff

1849-2002
1932-97, 1925-96
 
Africa
Sahel, Soudan, Guinea Coast (Nicholson)
Sahel (Univ. Washington)
Gulf of Guinea (Univ. Washington)

1901-94
1900-Oct 2011
1899-June2001
 

All-India
Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
(What is presumably is the same data is offered in easy-to-ingest formats at the COLA: Paolina, monsoondata.org)
Parthasarathy et al.
Sontakke et al.

India sub-divisions
Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
What is presumably is the same data is offered in easy-to-ingest formats by the COLA (Paolinamonsoondata.org) and the IRI

 

1871-2001
 

1870-1997

1844-1992

1871-2001

 
Puget Sound Lowland (Washington State) 1931-2009  
Northeastern Washington State 1931-96  
Digital values for numerous stations (WMSSC) climatology  
Walker and Bliss Southern Oscillation index 1875-1933  

Surface Temperature

Name Range of Years Comments
Equatorial Pacific SSTs: Nino1+2, Nino3, Nino4, Nino3.4 1950-present  
Eastern Eq. Pacific SST Anomalies
"Cold Tongue Index" (CTI)
1845-January 2011  
Puerto Chicama Perƒº SST 1925-2002  
Paita Perƒº SST 1963-May98  
Global-SST ENSO index 1817 - February 2011  
Walker and Bliss Southern Oscillation index 1875-1933  
Indian Ocean SAT Anomalies 1800-2004  
Tropical Land Temperature Anomalies 1851-June 1997  
Global- and hemispheric-averages land, sea, and land+sea
National Climatic Data Center
University of East Anglia

1880-present
1850-present
 
Global-average SST ICOADS 1845-Sep2006 & EOF-based 1950-2003  
Global-average marine sfc. air temperature anomalies 1854-1997  
Tropical-average SST Anomalies 1854-Oct2007  
"Pacific Decadal Oscillation" (PDO)
north Pacific SST anomalies
1900-present  
"G", the leading principal component of SST anomaly "deviations" 1900-2005  
Puget Sound Lowland (Washington State) 1931-2009  
Northeastern Washington State 1931-96  
Climatological temperature and precipitation for numerous stations climatologies  

Sea-Level Pressure (SLP)

Name Range of Years Comments
Jakarta Indonesia 1841-1999  
Darwin Australia (UEA, NCEP, NCAR) 1866-present  
Tahiti (UEA, NCEP, NCAR) 1855-present  
Southern Oscillation Index (SOI)
NCAR
University of East Anglia
ICOADS-based
Walker and Bliss

1886-present
1866-present
1800-present
1875-1933
 
North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)
Hurrell
University of East Anglia
NCEP

1864-present
1821-present
1950-present

 

obs. & forecast

Northern Annular Mode (NAM) / Arctic Oscillation (AO)
Colorado State University
University of Washington
NCEP

1899-2002
1948-Mar2010
1950-2003

 

obs. & forecast

Southern Annular Mode (SAM) / Antarctic Oscillation (AAO)
University of Washington
850 hPa Z
SLP
NCEP
British Antarctic Survey (Marshall)
Leibniz Institut fƒ¼r Meereswissenschaften (Visbeck)

 

1948-2002
1948-May2011
1979-present
1957-present
1860-2005

 

 

obs. & forecast

 

Surface Wind

Name Range of Years Comments
Eq. Pacific zonal wind 1850-Jun2005  
Eq. Pacific meridional wind 1850-Jun2005  

Miscellaneous

Name Range of Years Comments
Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) index 1953 - present Freie Universitƒ¤t Berlin
Walker and Bliss Southern Oscillation index
Quinn et al. El Niıo index
1875-1933
1525-1987
 
Pacific/North American (PNA) pattern index
Wallace and Gutzler (1981) grid-point definition
EOF-definition

1948-Oct2010
1948-Mar2010
 
Madden and Julian Oscillation (MJO) 1979 to mid-2002  
Tropical cyclone positions and number 1886 - present  
CO2 station records (Mauna Loa, South Pole, ...) 1958-2001 PS JPEG PNG GIF
Northern and Southern Hemisphere sea ice extent 1978 - present National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)

Useful Data Sites

Monthly-means

Indian Monsoon data: vegetation and precipitation departures served by the Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies (COLA)

NOAA National Climatic Data Center

Selected fields from the Japan Meteorological Agency

"WaterWeb" search engine for hydrological data. Let me know if this is useful!

The British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) provides global, gridded, historical data sets of sea surface temperatures, sea-level pressure, marine air temperature (nighttime) for academic use.

NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) provides several global, gridded data sets: surface temperature, precipitation, clouds, aerosols, and other fields.

The IRI/LDEO (International Research Institute for Climate Prediction / Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory) data library contains a broad selection of climate data sets.

Pacific Island Rainfall provided by the Oklahoma Climatological Survey.

University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit: historical, gridded, global precipitation, SLP, surface temperature, minimum-, maximum-temperature, vapor pressure, and many other fields.

Western Region Climate Center: digital values of climatological mean precipitation and surface temperature for the National Weather Service cooperative network stations in the western United States.

NCEP Climate Prediction Center:

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory provides high spatial resolution sea surface temperatures and other, more oceanographic, fields.

The National Center for Atmospheric Research Informed Guide to Climate Data Sets.

NOAA Climate Diagnostics Center: the NMC Reanalysis data and the Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) in netCDF format. Also, water vapor temperature is available here.

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center: historical data sets.

FSU Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies: near real-time monthly-mean pseudostress analyses for the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans.

Global River Discharge Database Project (RivDIS)
Global Runoff Data Centre (GRDC) river discharge data.

United Kingdom Met Office Hadley Centre

Pentad-means

Daily- or hourly-means

Other sites

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Software for Analyzing Data

Please send me URLs for sites with useful free software for analyzing data.

*Contact: Todd Mitchell | 206-685-3786 | mitchell@atmos.washington.edu