David A. Butterfield

Senior Research Scientist

David ButterfieldPhD, Oceanography, University of Washington, 1990

E-mail: david.a.butterfield@noaa.gov

Office: 1045 PMEL, Bldg 3

7600 Sand Point Way NE

Seattle WA 98115 USA

Phone: 206-526-6722
Fax: (206) 526-6054

Research Interests

Interdisciplinary studies of submarine volcanoes and hydrothermal systems, with emphasis on using fluid chemistry to understand physical, chemical, and biological processes. Developing, sampling, and sensing instrumentation for deep-sea hydrothermal environments.

See website: http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/vents/index.html

Current Research Projects

  • Combining quantitative information on physical, chemical and biological processes to create an ecosystem model of hydrothermal systems.
  • Quantifying the impact of methane-producing microbes in hydrothermal systems through a combined chemical and microbiological approach.
  • Survey of newly discovered hydrothermal features and processes on intra-oceanic submarine volcanic arcs of the western Pacific.
  • Investigating seafloor eruption processes and the role of magmatic fluids at active volcanic sites.
  • Using cabled observatories to monitoring changes in hydrothermal chemistry associated with volcanic and seismic activity on mid-ocean ridges.

Selected Publications

Butterfield, D.A., K. Nakamura, B. Takano, M.D. Lilley, J.E. Lupton, J.A. Resing, and K.K. Roe (2011) High SO2 flux, sulfur accumulation, and gas fractionation at an erupting submarine volcano. Geology. Doi: 10.1130/G31901.1

Bourbonnais, A., M.F. Lehmann, D.A. Butterfield, and S.K. Juniper ( 2012) Subseafloor nitrogen transformations in diffuse hydrothermal vent fluids of the Juan de Fuca Ridge evidenced by the isotopic composition of nitrate and ammonium. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 13, Q02T01, doi: 10.1029/2011GC003863.

Lang, S.Q., G.L. Fruh-Green, S.M. Bernasconi, and D.A. Butterfield (2013) Sources of organic nitrogen at the serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field, Geobiology, doi:10.1111/gbi.12026

Huber, J., A.D.A. Butterfield, and J.A. Baross (2006): Diversity and distribution of subseafloor Thermococcales populations in diffuse hydrothermal vents at an active deep-sea volcano in the northeast Pacific ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 111, G04016, doi:10.1029/2005JG000097.

Ver Eecke, Helene, D.A. Butterfield, J.A. Huber, M.D. Lilley, E.J. Olson, K.K. Roe, L.J. Evans, A.Y. Merkel, H.V. Cantin, and J.F. Holden  (2012)  Hydrogen-limited growth of hyperthermophilic methanogens at deep-sea hydrothermal vents, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 109, 13674-13679, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206632109.

Lang, S.Q., D.A. Butterfield, M.D. Lilley, H.P. Johnson, and J.I. Hedges (2006): Dissolved organic carbon in ridge-axis and ridge-flank hydrothermal systems. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 70(15), 3830-3842.

Lupton, J., D. Butterfield, M. Lilley, L. Evans, J. Resing, R. Embley, E. Olson, G. Proskurowski, W. Chadwick, Jr., E. Baker, C. de Ronde, K.-I. Nakamura, K. Roe, R. Greene, and G. Lebon (2006): Submarine venting of liquid carbon dioxide on a Mariana Arc volcano. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 7, Q08007, doi:10.1029/2005GC001152.

Butterfield, D.A., Lilley, M.D., Huber, J.A., Roe, K.K., Embley, R.E., Baross, J.A. and Massoth, G.J., (2004) Mixing, Reaction and Microbial Activity in the Sub-seafloor Revealed by Temporal and Spatial Variation in Diffuse Flow Vents at Axial Volcano. In: The Sub-seafloor Biosphere at Mid-ocean Ridges, (eds. W.S.D. Wilcock, D.S. Kelley, J.A. Baross, E. DeLong, and C. Cary) Geophysical Monograph, American Geophysical Union.

UW Responsibilities

Affiliate Associate Professor, Oceanography